The Christmas holidays are near, and along with the frenzy of the adults and the joy of children back even the possibility of incurring some ailments typical of this time of year.
Children are more exposed to health risks : the change in school hours and eating habits, more free time and frequent moves from place to place and from hot spots to other cold or vice versa, set the conditions ideal for the development of certain childhood diseases. For example, the main danger for children under two years of age is the respiratory syncytial virus. This virus is the cause of bronchiolitis, acute viral infection that mainly affects the lower airways of children in the first 6 months of life.
In view of these and other health disorders during the Christmas holidays, the ‘ World Association for Infectious Diseases and Immunological Disorders disclosed 15 tips to ensure both children and adults a Christmas in health :
- Avoid overly processed foods and consumption of salami and other cured meats, which together with canned fruits and vegetables homemade, can cause significant intoxication as botulism.
- Wash hands before handling any food, cook food so that even the internal parts reach a temperature of 70 ° and consume them immediately after cooking, without letting them cool and then reheat it, avoid contact between raw and cooked foods.
- Pay attention to the raw eggs and unwashed vegetables: one of the most frequent risks is salmonella poisoning whose symptoms are nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. Derivatives of raw eggs such as ice cream and cream cakes, in addition to various sauces and mayonnaise, are responsible for food poisoning Staphylococcus aureus.
- Fish and raw shellfish can be carriers of the parasite Anisakis , harmful to human beings and responsible for violent gastrointestinal disorders.
- Do not overdo panettone and chocolate: it is important to choose good quality products and remember that in some people, especially if atopic, consume chocolate in excessive amounts can give allergic reactions.
- At the end of dinner remember the rule of 2 hours: not to consume foods advanced previously heated or cooled if left at room temperature for more than 2 hours, in the case of environments overheated the time is reduced to 1 hour; but if you want to keep them for the next days it is recommendable to freeze within 2 hours.
- Reduce the time of TV and video games, taking advantage of the holidays, for trips and outdoor walks.
- Maintain a healthy lifestyle and do sports: physical activity is crucial to preventing overweight, obesity and cardiovascular disease.
- If you normally lead a sedentary life is best not to overdo it with the sport: muscle tears and fractures are the main risks for those who are not fit enough.
- Regarding the clothing of their children is good to adopt rules of common sense: do not cover them too but they do not even rush to quickly discover when it’s sunny, better to dress in layers and change them and dry them as soon as possible if it’s raining and wet.
- If you plan a trip to the sea in hot countries we must remember to bring along specific sunscreen with a high protection and emollient for lips; hats to protect children from the sun and from the wind and sun glasses of good quality and appropriate for their age, and a first aid kit.
- If you have to face long trips or traveling it is good to remember that excessive fatigue and the accumulation of sleep facilitate hypertension in adults and are harmful for children for whom periods of rest are necessary repeated, especially after three months challenging of school.
- If Santa Claus brings a puppy dog or cat, you have to strictly adhere to the vaccination schedule and the rules of hygiene, and is also advised not to sleep the pet in the bed with the child to prevent the development of allergies.
- The low temperatures typical of this season and a termoregolamentazione less efficient in children with the highest risk of colds. In case of early symptoms of respiratory infections we are recommended to avoid contact with other people, especially if chronically ill, children under two years of age or older.
- The use of antibiotics in cases of viral infections is unnecessary and harmful to their health and that of the community, contributing to the increase of antibiotic resistance. Antibiotics should always be prescribed by doctors after a thorough visit.