The MS is a long-term disease that affects the brain, spinal cord and optic nerves and can cause balance problems, muscle control and vision mainly, but may be affected other basic body functions.
Although no one knows for sure which causes multiple sclerosis, there are factors that make the disease more likely, as individuals with certain genes, smoking, having had the Epstein-Barr virus or human herpes virus, which cause your immune system to stop functioning normally.
Symptoms of MS
People with MS often have their first symptoms between 20 and 40 years in some personalized come and go, while others remain.
The most common symptoms of MS are:
- Difficulty walking due to muscle weakness or spasms, balance problems, numbness in the feet, and fatigue.
- Dizziness, feeling of lightheadedness, dizziness, and feeling that everything revolves around.
- Unusual sensations such as tingling, numbness, itching, burning, stabbing, or tearing.
- Fatigue, feeling tired towards the evening muscular condebilidad, slowed thinking, and drowsiness.
- Muscle spasms, affecting the muscles of the legs, may feel mild or strong rigidity and painful muscle spasms.
- Trembling as mild shaking or make it difficult to do everyday activities.
- Vision problems, which usually affect only one eye and disappear on their own, can lead to blurred vision, gray or a dark spot in the center, sudden eye pain and temporary loss of vision.
- Bladder problems such as urinating frequently, urgent need to go at night, or problems emptying the bladder completely.
- Intestinal problems such as constipation.
- Concentration problems that come and go, slow thinking, poor memory care or diffuse
- Speech problems, making people a long time to stop between words or dragged, or nasal speech, swallowing problems even develop into more advanced stages of the disease.
- Sexual problems such as vaginal dryness in women and erection problems in men and em both sexes loss of sensitivity to touch, low sex drive, or problems reaching orgasm.
Management of multiple sclerosis
Treatment focuses on accelerating recovery from attacks, control the symptoms and slow the progression of the disease.
Treatments to modify disease progression
Used Fingolimod, Teriflunomide and dimethyl fumarate reduced the relapse rate; to reduce the frequency and severity thereof used the beta interferons, and to block the immune system to attack myelin used glatiramer acetate .
Treatments for attacks
– Corticosteroids such as prednisone oral and intravenous methylprednisolone to reduce inflammation of the nerve ; but have side effects.
– Plasma exchange, where plasma from blood cells separated ; the latter are mixed with a protein solution and the mixture is repositioned in the body. This technique is used when unresponsive to steroids.
Treatments to treat symptoms
– Physical Therapy, showing stretching and strengthening.
– Drugs that reduce fatigue.
– Muscle relaxants, which help with painful or uncontrollable muscle spasms and stiffness in the legs.
As always advise from our health blog, with the suspicion that you have any of these symptoms you should go see a doctor immediately.