Anaphylactic shock is an allergic reaction that develops quickly and severe, affecting different body systems simultaneously. Severe anaphylactic reactions can lead to death. It is often caused by substances that are injected or swallowed and thus reaching the bloodstream, resulting in an explosive reaction that affects the skin, nose, throat, lung and gastrointestinal tract. Today we talk about the symptoms and treatment of anaphylactic shock.
The factors that trigger anaphylactic shock are:
– Usually the food is the most common cause of anaphylactic shock, with trigger foods such as nuts, shellfish, fish, dairy products, egg whites and sesame seeds.
– Wasp and bee stings.
– Certain types of medicines, pollens and other allergens, but rarely cause anaphylactic shock.
– Exercise, if the activity occurs after eating foods that cause food allergy.
Symptoms of anaphylactic shock
Symptoms of anaphylactic shock can occur within seconds or may not appear until 15-30 minutes or even an hour or more after exposure.
– The First symptoms of anaphylactic shock are often related to the skin, such as redness and heat, itching in English or armpits and urticaria.
‘These symptoms are often accompanied by anxiety, feeling of impending doom, irregular heartbeat, and later swelling of the tongue and throat, which is accompanied by hoarseness, difficulty swallowing and breathing.
– Can Rhinitis or asthma symptoms occur, causing runny nose, sneezing and wheezing, which can worsen breathing difficulties; as well as vomiting, diarrhea and stomach cramps. About 25% of the time may suffer a drop in blood pressure, dizziness and loss of consciousness.
Effective treatment for anaphylactic shock
There is only one effective treatment for anaphylactic shock: fast acting and injectable epinephrine or adrenaline, which quickly reverses the anaphylactic symptoms. It is typically administered through an automatic injection device, with the thigh, the most common and effective place.
In addition to the adrenaline shock treatment of anaphylactic shock includes fluids and medications that support the actions of the heart and circulatory system intravenously. After the person has left the state of shock and stabilize, usually antihistamines and steroids, which may be given to further reduce symptoms will be necessary.
Prevention of anaphylactic shock is the ideal form of treatment, but is not easy because insect bites are situations that can not be anticipated and food allergens hiding in a variety of preparations. Therefore it is vital to identify the trigger with the allergist to avoid it.