Cramps, those intense spasms that often times happen to are a involuntary muscle contractions in one or more parts of the body and the result is pain of varying intensity but momentary. The pain does not last long and can vary from a few seconds to about ten or fifteen minutes. As if these cramps can occur anywhere in the body but most commonly occur in the quadriceps, hamstrings and calves.
They can also occur in the abdomen, arms, soles of the feet and hands, and can suffer them anyone of any age and gender.
Among the most common reasons that are causing dehydration, nutritional imbalances or lack of nutrients, calcium deficiency, lack of minerals, overly worked muscles fatigue, lack of potassium and magnesium.
During the year are common, especially when some of the reasons mentioned above they sum frequent muscular contraction without adequate muscle relaxation. Overly intense workouts result in the depletion of electrolytes, over training and dehydration, which causes cramps and even many tears if the activity does not stop at the first pain.
How to prevent them?
One of the remedies to do this is through your diet. The main causes of cramps are low levels of sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium, all of which can preferably get main meal.
- Pomelos (grapefruit)
- Leafy greens
Additionally, and as dehydration is also part of the cause drink plenty of water.
Other ways to prevent it are
- Prevents muscle fatigue stress moderating your exercise routine. At the same time make full and healthy routines exercises.
- Warm up before exercising debarment or do some sport
- Do stretches, especially leg muscles that are most often cramp.
- If the stress in your activity is very intense test drinking a sports drink that will help you improve your levels of sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium in your body.