You know what are the reasons that sugar is bad for health? A few days ago we told you about in these lines on the risks of sugar, a substance which, however, is always present in our kitchen.
Its consumption is not only harmless, but necessary because our body transforms into energy. Yes, its intake should always be reasonable, since its excess makes it a great enemy to our body, with a long list of harmful effects to our health.
So many health hazards that we have decided to divide this special about the reasons why sugar is bad for health in two parts. In this first we will focus on the first five reasons we must raise awareness about the need to limit sugar intake to what is necessary.
Why sugar is bad for health?
For reasons of why sugar is bad for your health, you should bear in mind the following points:
– Added sugar contains essential nutrients and is bad for our teeth
You’ve probably heard many times, but it never hurts to influence it: added sugars (such as sucrose or corn syrup high fructose) contain a high content of calories without essential nutrients. For this reason, they are called “empty” calories because it does not provide protein, and essential fats, vitamins and minerals … just pure energy.
When 15-20% of the calories you eat come from sugar and sugar products, we are producing a large imbalance in the body, as we will have a significant deficit of nutrients.
Moreover, sugar is bad for teeth, since it provides easily assimilated energy to “bad” bacteria found in our mouths.
– Added sugars are rich in fructose, which can overload our liver
To understand this point, we need to understand why sugar is bad for your health and can damage our body. Before the sugar into the bloodstream from the digestive tract breaks down into two simple sugars: glucose and fructose. The problem is that fructose can only be metabolized by the liver in small amounts.
This means we will not have any problem if we ingest small amounts of sugar (like the one that brings the fruit) or just after finishing a workout. In this case, fructose is converted to glycogen and stored in the liver to the need.
However, if the liver is full of glycogen, eat a lot of fructose overload the liver, forcing him to turn fructose into fat. If this process is repeated regularly, it can lead to fatty liver and a whole host of serious consequences for our health. Yes, it is almost impossible to consume excess fructose fruit, so we must control it other foods, such as candy, bakery and sugar derivatives.
– Overloading can cause liver fructose Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis
Direct consequence of the above, the accumulation of fructose in the liver can cause it to become fat within the body. This fat is sent to the blood as VLDL cholesterol particles, which like LDL cholesterol is bad, because it is causing narrowing of the arteries, with consequent health risks that entails.
Studies have shown that people with fatty liver to 2-3 times consume more fructose than the rest.
– Sugar can cause insulin resistance, after passing the metabolic syndrome and diabetes
Insulin is an important hormone for our body. Allows glucose (blood sugar) to enter cells from the bloodstream and them “indicates” begin to burn this glucose instead of fat.
Having too much glucose in the blood is highly toxic, and one of the main causes of the most common complications of diabetes, such as blindness, another compelling reason for determining that sugar is bad for health.
A common feature of metabolic dysfunction is that insulin stops working as it should. The cells become resistant to it. This problem has become an epidemic in all the Western countries. And the insulin resistance is the cause of many diseases, including metabolic syndrome, obesity, cardiovascular diseases and in particular type II diabetes.
– Insulin resistance may result in type II diabetes
Related to the previous point, when our cells become resistant to the effects of insulin, beta cells of our pancreas must work. This is a serious problem because high levels of sugar in the blood can cause severe and irreparable damage.
Ultimately, when insulin resistance worsens progressively, the pancreas can not keep cope with the high demand for production of insulin to keep blood sugar levels low blood. At this point when the levels of blood sugar and are triggered diagnosis of type II diabetes is made.