The flu is a contagious respiratory illness caused by the virus of swine flu; It is a viral infection that has worse and longer lasting than the flu. We will explain the symptoms and treatment of influenza A.
Among risk groups pregnant, young children, the elderly, people with diabetes, and patients with HIV, AIDS and cancer, mainly because their immune systems are weaker and have less defenses.
The symptoms caused by influenza A virus are persistent fever – at least four or five days-headache and muscle aches, dry cough and sore throat, fatigue, weakness and loss of appetite, being worst the first 3 or 4 days, although they may take 1 to 2 weeks to forward and take several weeks of fatigue and weakness. Sometimes flu symptoms may appear as runny nose.
From the time of infection, it takes 1-4 days to start showing symptoms of influenza A, and although most people recover without problems, sometimes can lead other bacterial infections such as ear infection or bronchitis and in rare cases can lead to the onset of pneumonia.
How to treat influenza A
Most people can treat flu symptoms at home with rest, intake of plenty of fluids and drugs to lower fever; in most cases, people with flu will recover in one to two weeks without treatment.
Serious complications, such as difficulty breathing, pain or pressure in the chest, signs of dehydration such as dizziness when standing or not urinating, confusion or repeated vomiting may occur.
To treat flu in children is due to seek help if your child has any of the above or if you have color of bluish skin or purple, irritability, there is no presence of tears to mourn, fever with rash or is not easily wake.
Higher risk of complications for pregnant women, children under 5 years old, especially those younger than 2 years, people over age 65 and those with certain diseases, such as chronic lung disease, heart disease, diabetes, cancer or They exhibit immunosuppressive conditions like HIV or transplant among others.
To treat flu can present the need to take antiviral medications, which can be used to treat or prevent influenza, but does not eliminate the symptoms of flu, although it may help reduce the severity and duration of symptoms.
Will the doctor in any case to take the decision to prescribe an antiviral drug, based on certain factors and being particularly suitable for those who are at risk for complications of influenza A, as mentioned above.